Assessment of desertification hazard, risk and development of management plans

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran

Abstract

About 80 percent of Iran is arid and semi-arid and about 35 percent of this area is susceptible to desertification hazard. Therefore desertification assessment and identification of the most important criteria for the assessment of risk and a basis for development of management plans is essential. This research was conducted in the semi-arid region of Agh-Band in the Golestan province, Iran with an area of 3062.5 km2 aiming at preparation of the desertification hazard and risk maps and development of various management plans to control the desertification. In this study, the IMDPA model and geomorphologic facies were used to evaluate the desertification hazard. The work units (geomorphologic facies) were defined based on geology and land use maps, satellite images and field surveys. The risk map was developed with a combination of desertification hazard intensity and hazard elements [A1] [A2] and degree of vulnerability maps using the total risk equation. Desertification management plan was developed based on four management strategies including: no plan, maintains the status quo, avoid the risk and implement the control measures.  The results indicated that soil and vegetation criteria with magnitudes of 2.67 and 2.54 fall into sever desertification category (III) and other criteria are within medium class (II). The average value of degree of desertification in the study area was 2.03 (class II).



 
 

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