An Ecological Agricultural Model Using Fuzzy AHP and PROMETHEE II Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student of Combating Desertification, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Arid and Mountainous Regions Reclamation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Assistance Professors, Faculty of Natural Resources ,University of Tehran ,Karaj, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Arid and Mountainous Regions Reclamation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran


Over-capacity reduction is one of the major challenges facing humanity in the last century. To achieve sustainable development, there must be a tendency towards rational planning and utilization of resources based on their potential. Since agriculture has many environmental impacts on urban areas, evaluation of agricultural lands is necessary. The aim of this present study was to evaluate the ecological agriculture potential of Eshtehard country, Alborz Province. Therefore, the ecological potential of the study area was evaluated using ecological criteria and PROMETHEE II and Fuzzy AHP methods. To rank the selected criteria, to standardize the layers, and to assign the weights to each criterion, PROMETHEE II, Fuzzy and Fuzzy AHP methods were used respectively. The results showed that the lands with the first and four classes of ecological capability with 1.50% and 25.36% are included the smallest and highest percentage of the whole study areas, respectively. The results of our study showed the high efficiency of the combination of PROMETHEE II and Fuzzy-AHP in assessing the ecological potential of the area. In this study, the PROMETHEE II method is proposed independently of the number of land uses and criteria and it can be used with the changes for other areas.


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