Variation characteristics of chlorophyll fluorescence of a typical Eremophyte (Smirnovia Iranica (Sabeti)) during phenological stages in the sand drift desert (Case study: In Kashan Region)

Author

Dep. of Desert Sciences. Faculty of Natural Resources. University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

Smirnovia iranica, a native valuable woody species from Fabaceae, is an adaptable plant of central sandy areas of Iran. Changes in chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic pigments characteristics were analyzed in the course of phenological stages including vegetative, flowering, seed ripening, and seed falling stages, respectively (VS, FS, SRS, and SFS). The results obtained from analysis of variance indicated that there was a significant difference among different phonological stages of S. iranica in terms of the mentioned characteristics. Extending phenological stages along with increasing water deficiency resulted in significant reduction in Fv /Fm ratio in SRS and SFS. A significant effect of progression in phenological stages on thermal dissipation of light energy (D) value was observed in SRS and reached to the highest value in SFS. In all evaluated plants, during phenological development, there were decreases in photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (ΦPSII), and from SRS. A similar influence of the extending phenological stages on ΦPSII was observed for electron transport rate (ETR). In SRS to SFS, the decrease of Chl. (a+b) and Car was paralleled with the decrease of Fv/Fm, which indicated that pigments breakdown was accompanied by the decreasing of the maximum photochemical efficiency. The results of this study suggest that extending phenological stages along with increasing water deficiency stress resulted in significant alterations in chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and pigment contents in SRS and SFS.

Keywords


Arnon, D., 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts (phytophenoloxidase), in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24; 1- 15.

Azarnivand, H., A. Tavili, S.A. Sadeghi, M. Jafari, M.A. Zarea, 2011. Phenological characteristics of  Astragalus squanrrosus in Kashan habitats. Journal of Range and Desert researches 18(3); 383-372. [in Persian].

Azarnivand, H., H. Dastmalchi, 2000. Phenology of four plant species in Kashan deserts. BIABAN, 5(2); 15-25.  

Azarnivand, H., H. Joneidi, S. Nikou, 2006.The study of forage quality of Smirnovia iranica in different phonological stages in sandy areas-case-study: Band-e-Rig-Kashan. BIABAN, 11(2); 1-10.

Bolhar-Nordenkampf, H., G. Oquist, 1993. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a tool in photosynthesis research. In: Hall DO, Scurlock JMO, Bolhar-Nordenkampf HR, Leegood RC, Long SP, editors. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment: a field and laboratory manual. London: Chapman & Hall; pp. 193-206.

Calatayud, A., D. Roca, P.F. Martinez, 2006. Spatial temporal variations in rose leaves under water stress conditions studied by chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Plant Physiol. Biochem., 44; 564–573.

Čaňová, I., J. Ďurkovič, D. Hladká, 2008. Stomatal and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in European beech cultivars during leaf development. Biologia Plantarum, 52 (3); 577-581.

Cicero, C.L., L. Dalmo, E. Herminia, R. Paulo, 2012. Salt stress change chlorophyll fluorescence in mango. Rev. Bras. Frutic. Jaboticabal, 34(4); 1245-1255.

Cleland, E.E., I. Chuine, A. Menzel, H.A. Mooney, M.D. Schwartz, 2007. Shifting plant phenology in response to global change. Trends Ecology Evolution, 22(7); 358-365.

Cousins, A., N. Adam, G. Wall, B. Kimball, J. Pinter, J. Ottman, Leavitt S., Webber A., 2002. Photosystem II energy use, non-photochemical quenching and the xanthophyll cycle in Sorghum bicolor grown under drought and free air CO2 enrichment conditions. Plant, Cell andEnvironment, 25;1551–155.

Elsheery, N., K. Cao, 2008. Gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, and osmotic adjustment in two mango cultivars under drought stress. Acta Physiol. Plant, 30; 769–777.

Fabio, O., B. Tommaso, R. Luigia, S. Carlo, R. Bruno, F. Marco, 2010. Relationships between vegetative and reproductive phases of plant species and the meteorological variables in a phenological garden of Central Italy. Italian Journal of Agrometeorology, 1; 35-43.

Fahl, J.I., M.L.C. Carelli, J. Vega, A.C. Magalhaes, 1994. Nitrogen, irradiance levels affecting net photosynthesis and growth of young coffee plants (Coffea arabica L.). Journal of Horticultural Science, 69; 161-169.

Farooq, M., A. Wahid, N. Kobayashi, D. Fujita, S.M.A. Basra, 2009. Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29; 153–188.

Galmes, J., A. Abadia, H. Medrano, J. Flexas, 2007. Photosynthesis and Photoprotection responses to water stress in the wild-extinct plant Lysimachia minoricensis. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 60; 308–317.

Genty, B., J.M. Briantais, N.R. Baker, 1989. Relationships between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence. Biochim Biophys Acta, 990; 87-92.

Iacono, I., Sommer K.J., 2000. Response of electron transport rate of water stressed-affected grapevines: Influence of leaf age. Vitis, 39(4); 137-144.

Jaleel, C.A., P. Manivannan, A. Wahid, M. Farooq, H.J. AL-Juburi, R. Omasundaram, R. Panneerselvam, 2009. Drought stress plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 11; 100–105.

Janice, C.B., 1974. Phenological events and their environmental triggers in Mojave desert ecosystems. Ecology, 55; 856–863.

Kirk, J., R. Allen, 1965. Dependence of chloroplast pigment synthesis on protein synthesis: Effect of actidione. Biochem. Biophys Res.Commun., 21(6); 523-530.

Krause,    G., P. Johns, 2004. Chlorophyll a Fluorescence: A Signature of Photosynthesis, G.C. Papageorgiou, and Govindjee editors, Springer, Dordrecht; p. 463.

Li, L., Y. Wang, H. Hu, T. Zhao, S. Guo, W. Wang, X. Yao, 2015. Responses of photosynthetic characters and fluorescence parameters of alfalfa with different drought tolerances to drought. Acta Agriculturea Boreali-Sinica, 30(4); 126-131.

Lianhong, G., M. Wilfered, B. Dennis, T. Black, B.V. Shashi, V. Timo, Steve C., 2003. Phenology of vegetation photosynthesis. Tasks for Vegetation Science, 39; 467-485.

Mafakheri, A., A. Siosemardeh, B. Bahramnejad, P. Struik, Y. Sohrabi, 2010. Effects of drought stress on yield, proline and chlorophyll contents in three chickpea cultivars. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 4(8); 580-585).

Maxwell, K., G.N. Johnson, 2000. Chlorophyll fluorescence a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51; 659-668.

Michael, F., 1998. The phenology of growth and reproduction in plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 1(1); 78-91.

Nesterenko, T.V., A.A. Tikhomirov, V.N. Shikhov, 2006. Ontogenetic approaches to the assessment of plant resistance to prolonged stress using chlorophyll fluorescence induction method. Photosynthetica, 44; 321-332.

Parameshwarappa, S., P. Salimath, 2008. Field screening of chickpea genotypes for drought resistance. Karnataka Journal of Agriculture Science,21; 113–114.

Ping, M.A., B.A.I. Tuan-hui, M.A. Feng-wang,, 2014. Effects of progressive drought on photosynthesis and partitioning of absorbed light in apple trees. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 14(4): 681-690.

Pireivatlou, A., R. Aliyev, S. Hajieva, S. Javadova, Z. Akparov, 2008. Structural changes of the photosynthetic apparatus, morphological and cultivation responses in different wheat genotypes under drought stress condition, Abst. 11th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium; pp. 1–3.

Qing-Ming, L., L. Bin-Bin, W. Yang, Z. Zhi-Rong, 2008. Interactive effects of drought stress and elevated CO2 concentrations on photochemistry efficiency of cucumber seedlings. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 50(10); 1307-17.

Rabiye, T., S. Aykut, K. Nihal, N. Hatice, K. Asim, 2010. Impact of soil drought stress on photochemical efficiency of photosystem II and antioxidant enzyme activities of Phaseolus vulgaris cultivars. Turk Journal of Botany, 34; 1-10.

Ranjbarfordoei, A., R. Samson, P. Van Damme, 2006. Chlorophyll fluorescence performance of sweet almond (Prunus dulcis (Miller) in response to salinity stress induced by NaCl. Photosynthetica, 44 (4); 513-522.  

Ranjbarfordoei, A., P. Van Damme, R. Samson, 2013. Some ecophysiological characteristics of Artà (Calligonumcomosum Hérit) in response to drought stress. Forest Science Practice, 15(2); 114–120.

Romá, O., P. Josep, 2004. Phenological patterns of Quercus ilex, Phillyrea latifolia, and Arbutus unedo growing under a field experimental drought. Ecoscience, 11(3); 263-270.

Rong-Hua, L., G. Pei-guo, M. Baum, S. Grando, S. Ceccarelli, 2006. Evaluation of chlorophyllcontent and fluorescence parameters as indicators of drought tolerance in barley. Agricultural Science in China, 5(10); 751-757.

Sabeti, H., (Ed.), 1994. Forest, trees and shrubs of Iran. Yazd University press, Yazd.

Schreiber, U., W. Bilger, C. Neubauer, 1994. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a nonintrusive indicator for rapid assessment of in vivo photosynthesis, In: Schulz EED; Caldwell, MM editors.Ecophysiology of photosynthesis, Berlin: Springer; pp. 49-70.

Schreiber, U., W. Bilger, H. Hormann, C. Neubauer, 1998. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a diagnostic tool: basics and some aspects of practical relevance. In: Raghavendra AS editor. Photosynthesis: a comprehensive treatise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; pp. 320-336.

Souza, R.P., E.C. Machdo, J.A.B. Silva, A.M. Lagôa, J.A. Silveira, 2004. Photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and some associated metabolic changes in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) during water stress and recovery. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 51; 45–56.

Stirbet, A., Govindjee, 2011. On the relation between the Kautsky effect (chlorophyll a fluorescence induction) and Photosystem II: basics and applications. Journal of Photochemical and Photobiological Biology, 104(1-2); 236-257.

Urban, M., P. L. Zarnetska, D. K. Skelly, 2013. Moving forward dispersal and species interactions determine biotic responses to climate change. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1297 (1); 44-60.

Vladkova, R., A.G. Dobrikova, R. Singh, A.N. Misra, E. Apostolova, 2011. Photoelectron transport ability of chloroplast thylakoid membranes treated with NO donor SNP: Changes in flash oxygen evolution and chlorophyll fluorescence, Nitric Oxide. Biology and Chemistry,24; 84-90.

Zhang, Y., Z. Xie, Y. Wang, P. Su, L. An, H. Gao, 2011. Effects of water stress on leaf photosynthesis, chlorophyll content and growth of oriental lily. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 58(5); 844–850.

Zhao, L., P. Wang, C. Chen, H. Liu, L. Ma, 2014. Effects of Drought Stress on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters of Lotus corniculatus. Grassland of China, 1; 18-23.