Social Cooperation Networks and Altered Social Groupings Shaped by Drought: A Case Study of the Village of Tutang in Hormozgon Province

Authors

1 University of Hormozgan, Hormozgan, Iran

2 M.Sc. Graduated, University of Hormozgan, Hormozgan, Iran

Abstract

A decrease in natural resources and their non-uniform distribution can affect social relationships between residents of
watersheds, creating conflict and shifting groupings. The present study used the network analysis method to test the
hypothesis that change in hydrologic parameters and water shortages in the village of Tutang has led to the new groupings
in the social cooperation network of the local population. Data was gathered by questionnaire. A cooperative network
composed of village residents to resolve the water shortage was delineated using UCINET and Visone software. The
results showed that past communication patterns based on kinship changed after the water shortage arose and led to the
formation of new groupings among residents. Individuals who cooperated in resolving the water shortage experienced
higher social power, authority, and status. The results emphasized the need to focus attention on the interactions between
subsystems of a social-ecological system. Determined individuals with increased social power can be enlisted to solve the
conflicts

Keywords