Monitoring the occurrence of frost through an analysis of air masses in south west basins of Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


Atmospheric Science & Meteorological Research Center, Tehran, Iran


Frost is one of the atmospheric phenomena which seriously threaten crop production. It also causes numerous
accidents in mountainous roads. In this research the Spatial Synoptic Classification SSC method was employed to
classify the type of air masses. For the classification, such meteorological data as: temperature, dew point, mean sea
level pressure, cloudiness, direction and speed of wind were collected for a period of 45 years from 1961 to 2005. For a
classification of air masses a discernment method was applied and while typical characteristics of seed days being used
as input for this discernment function method. The results indicated that, spring season air masses, Dry Polar (DP) air
masses, Moist Polar (MP) and Moist Moderate (MM) air masses have contributed most to the occurrence of advection
frosts respectively. Dry Polar air masses bore the lowest temperature and dew point, along with northerly and easterly
wind components and a clear sky. These air masses caused the occurrence of the most severe and most extensive
advection frosts in south west basins of Iran.