Study of Dust Storm Synoptical Patterns in Southwest of Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty member, Atmospheric Science & Meteorological Research Center, Tehran, Iran

2 Lorestan Meteorological Research Center, Khorram Abad, Iran


As widespread deserts is located in west and southwest of Iran plateau, dust storms form due to west and
southwest systems over Syria or Iraq as well as Arabian Peninsula. These systems severely affect west and southwest
regions. Sometimes the fine dusts transmit to central, north east, and east regions. In this study for investigating dusty
synoptical patterns, meteorological data at 5 synoptic stations were studied during recent ten years. Mean daily sea
level pressure data were selected from the NCEP reanalysis data encompassing the region from 20°-60°N latitude by
20°-80°E longitude, with a 2.5 spatial resolution and for the 10 year period 1961-2003 in dusty days. Selected
territory is located in a geographical situation that covers all the effecting systems on Iran. For classification and
delineate synoptical patterns Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and clustering method were used. Results showed
that in this region, days with dust have three general circulation patterns. Analyzing these patterns show that there is
a trough which restricted to 30-45°E longitude in 850 hPa chart, and at least one relatively strong low pressure over
Arabian Peninsula in sea level pressure extending to the west, south west and the study region. This study shows that
above aspects are the major specifications of dusty days.