%0 Journal Article
%T Comparison of M5 Model Tree and Artificial Neural Network for Estimating Potential Evapotranspiration in Semi-arid Climates
%J Desert
%I University of Tehran
%Z 2008-0875
%A Ghahreman, Nozar
%A Sameti, Mahsa
%D 2014
%\ 01/01/2014
%V 19
%N 1
%P 75-81
%! Comparison of M5 Model Tree and Artificial Neural Network for Estimating Potential Evapotranspiration in Semi-arid Climates
%K ANN
%K Machine learning
%K Penman-Monteith
%K Hargreaves-Samani
%R 10.22059/jdesert.2014.51056
%X Evaporation is a fundamental parameter in the hydrological cycle. This study examines the performance of M5model tree and artificial neural network (ANN) models in estimating potential evapotranspiration calculated byPenman- Monteith and Hargreaves- Samani equations. Daily weather data from two meteorological stations in asemi-arid climate of Iran, namely Kerman and Zahedan, were collected during 1995-2004 and included the mean,maximum and minimum air temperatures, dewpoint, relative humidity, sunshine hours, and wind speed. Resultsfor both stations showed that the performance of the M5 model tree was more accurate (R=0.982 and 0.98 forPenman-Monteith equation and R=0.983 and 0.98 for Hargreaves-Samani equation in Kerman and Zahedan,respectively) than the ANN model (R=0.975 and 0.978 for Penman-Monteith equation and R=0.967 and 0.974 forHargreaves-Samani equation in Kerman and Zahedan, respectively), but the modelsâ€™ differences wereinsignificant at a confidence level of 95%. It also performed better at the Zahedan station using the Penman-Monteith equation. The most significant variables affecting the potential evapotranspiration in the case of thePenmanâ€“Monteith equation were found to be mean air temperature, sunshine hours, wind speed, and relativehumidity. Similarly, for the Hargreaves-Samani equation, the maximum and minimum temperatures, sunshinehours, and wind speed were determined to be the most significant variables. Further studies in other climates arerecommended for further analysis.
%U https://jdesert.ut.ac.ir/article_51056_18be1c5019a9e79f2cea22dc7dce6490.pdf